Asthma

Causes of asthma

  • Outdoor allergens such as pollens from grass, trees and weeds.
  • Indoor allergens such as pet dander, dust mites and mold
  • Certain drugs and food additives.
  • Irritates in the air such as smoke, chemical fumes and strong odors.
  • Colds/The flu
  • Stress
  • Weather conditions such as cold air or extremely dry, wet or windy weather.

Chronic disease, inflammation of bronchi narrowing the airways creating breathing difficulties that may range from mild to life-threatening.

Signs and symptoms

  • Coughing – coughing from asthma often is worse at night or early in the morning, making it hard to sleep.
  • Wheezing – Wheezing is a whistling or squeaky sound that occurs when you brathe.
  • Chest tightness – This may feel like something is squeezing or sitting on our chest.
  • Shortness of breathe – some people who have asthma say they cant get air out of their lungs

Risk factor

  • Having a blood relative with asthma
  • Having another allergic condition such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis
  • Being overweight
  • Being a smoker
  • Exposure to exhaust fumes or other types of pollution
  • Exposure to occupation triggers such as chemicals used in farming, hairdressing and manufacturing.

Diagnosis

  • Physical examination – The doctor will examine eyes, ears, nose, throat, skin, chest and lungs. This exams may include a lung function test to detect how well our exhale air from our lungs.
  • Spirometry – this is the device test to confirm the asthma. Spirometry test by breathe into a mouthpiece that’s connected to spirometer.

Treatment

Pharmocology – long and short term

  • removed, consult medical professional.

Prevention and relieves

  • Fish oils may possible reduce inflammation although no concrete evidence may help asthma.
  • Avoid tobaccos smoke and other air pollutants.
  • Avoid dust mite by cleaning the house.
  • Wash clothing such included bed sheet.
  • Avoid other allergens like pets.
  • Avoid to eat allergens food.