Causes of Pneumonia
- Chemical (inhalation of irritating substances or ingestion of kerosene)
Risk Factors of Pneumonia
- Habit of smoking
- Have a weak immune system
- Have recent surgery or trauma
- Have serious illness such as heart disease or diabetes
- Have viral respiratory infectious such as laryngitis
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma (parts of the lungs involved in gas transfer), that is commonly caused by infectious agents.
Signs & Symptoms of Pneumonia:
- Dry cough
- Chest pain
- Fever with shivering
- Muscle aches
- Nausea and vomiting
- Rapid breathing and heartbeat
- Having difficulty in breathing
- Physical exam
- During inhalation, crackling and bubbling sound in the chest are the indicator of pneumonia.
- Diagnostic tests
- Chest X-ray (determine the presence of infections in the lung)
- Blood Test (determine the presence of infections in the bloodstream)
- Sputum Test (determine the type of pneumonia present)
- Bronchoscopy Test (determine if blocked airways contribute to pneumonia)
Medical concept, not for try:
- treat pathogenic infection.
- reduce inflammation.
- relax constricted airways.
- drainage of mucus from the lungs
- For medical students reference only. As patient, never change your drug prescription.
Non-pharmacological Treatment and Prevention
- Humidifier – increase humidity or moisture in the surroundings
- Avoid smoking
- Ensure the environment is clean (free from dust and bacteria)